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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2005-01
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Dynamic of the Bird Distribution Status in Winter along the Changjiang River of the Three Gorges Reservoir before and after the Water Level Rising to 139 m

SU Hua-Long① MA Qiang① XU Zhi-Qing② ZHANG Xiao-Rong③(① Chinese Academy of Forestry,Beijing 100091;?② Chongqing Nature Museum, Chongqing 400700; ③ League of Green Volunteer of Chongqing, Chongqing 400030,China)  
From 2000 to 2004, a survey was made upon the birds’ distribution status in winter along the water course and the bank of the Changjiang River of the Three Gorges Reservoir. 56 species, belonging to 9 orders and 21 families,are recorded. Among which, 1 species is listed in rank Ⅰ protected species and 3 are listed in rank Ⅱ. Birds recorded can be divided into 4 communities: the natatory birds, the wader, the river-closing birds and the birds inhabiting above the water. These communities differ greatly in reaction to the variation of water environment before and after the water level rising to 139 m. The results indicate:the natatory birds without obvious quantitative fluctuation change the distribution pattern obviously;the waders vary greatly in both quantitative fluctuation and distribution pattern;the river-closing birds and the birds inhabiting above the water decline obviously in quantity and vary distribution clearly.
【Fund】: 国务院三峡委、三峡工程总公司及国家林业局“三峡库区陆生野生动植物监测”子系统研究 ;; 国家林业局重点开放性实验室——森林生态环境实验室资助
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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