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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2007-01
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The Species Composition,Abundance and Distribution in Habitat of Geese and Ducks in the Eastern Hongzehu Wetland Natural Reserve

TANG Jian① LU Chang-Hu ①* YUAN An-Quan② (① College of Forest Resources and Environment,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037;② Eastern Hongzehu Wetland Natural Reserve,Hongze Jiangsu 223100,China)  
The species composition,abundance and habitat distribution of geese and ducks were surveyed in the Huai River’s estuary to Hongzehu Lake (33°06′-33°07′ N,118°29′-118°30′ E) from November 18 to December 28,2005 and March 8 to May 8,2006.Seasonal geese and ducks censuses were conducted in two blocks in the watercourse and four blocks in the fish pond which were fixed along the Huai River for the abundance censuses.Eighteen species belonging to 6 genera were identified in the study area.We located 12 species of geese and ducks (5 genera) during November and December,the dominant species were Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha),Common Teal (A.crecca),Baikal Teal (A.formosa) and Mallard (A.platyrhynchos).While,we indicated 8 species (3 genera) during March and May,Common Teal and Garganey (A.querquedula) were the dominant species.Both the species composition and abundance of the birds were obvious difference between the blocks in the watercourse and in the fish pond during November and December.While obvious difference was found in the bird abundance,but no any difference was in species composition during March and May.Human activity in the study has changed the locations of covers and food richness,which resulted in the difference in bird abundance between the two surveys.
【Fund】: 国家林业局洪泽湖东部湿地保护项目资助
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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