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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2011-06
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Influence of Environmental Factors on Oxygen Consumption and Ammonia Excretion of Juvenile Trachinotus ovatus

WANG Gang①② LI Jia-Er① OU You-Jun① WANG Jing-Xiang①② ZHANG Jian-Sheng③ ① South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,Guangzhou 510300; ② College of Fisheries and Life Science,Shanghai Ocean University,Shanghai 201306; ③ Provincial Well-bred Pomadasids Fish Farm,Raoping,Guangdong 515723,China  
The effects of temperature,salinity,pH and water velocities on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of Trachinotus ovatus were determined by the closed flow experimental methods.The results showed that the oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of juvenile T.ovatus would be increasing as water temperature increasing,and the volumes reached to a peak value at 27℃.Water temperature had significant effects on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion(P0.01).The oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of juvenile T.ovatus decreased as the salinity increasing,and salinity also had significant effects on the oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion(P0.01).As the pH increases,the oxygen consumption did not change significantly(P0.05).The value of pH had a significant effect on the ammonia excretion(P0.05),the ammonia excretion was increased first,then decreased with pH increasing.Oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of juvenile T.ovatus increased gradually as water velocity increasing and reached to peak values at 150 ml/min,then decreased gradually as water velocity over 150 ml/min.The effects of water velocities on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion in juvenile T.ovatus were significant(P0.01).
【Fund】: 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(No.2008YD02)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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