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Semiparametric Survey Adjustment Models and Processing of Problems with Systematic Errors

PAN Xiong1 LIU Xu-chun2 LIU lilong3(1 Department of land Science, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083; 2 Surveying and Mapping Engineering Department , Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and architecture,Beijing, 100044; 3 Department of Civil Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004)  
Considering the Semiparametric surveying adjustment models ,is a d-vector of unknown parameters,is an unknown Borel function. Firstly, using natural cubic spline methods, find natural cubic spline function of nonparametric component . Secondly, the estimators of parameters and are derived by using the partial residual and least square method, discuss the approach of bandwidth choice in the Semiparametric surveying adjustment models; Finally, the result obtained by the new method corresponds with that by the least squares method.. The new method presented in this paper shows an effective way of solving the problem; the estimated values are nearer to their theoretical ones than the adjustment method of least squares.
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