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《Beijing Surveying and Mapping》 2009-03
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Precise Height Surveying in Special Topographical Conditions

JIANG Bo,ZHANG Shu-bi,ZHANG Xian-zhu,ZHANG Qiu-zhao (School of Environmental Science and Spatial Informatics,China University of Mining and Technology,Xuzhou,Jiang Su,221008 China)  
Under the special topographical conditions,the method combining precise triangulated height surveying and leveling is used to elevation controlling. Forming the principle of the triangulated height surveying,this paper analyses error source,uses the method of similar leveling to avoid the error of measuring instrument height,and calculates the precision; With two types of observations,using Helmert variance component estimation,it can improve adjustment precision through multiple iterations.
【CateGory Index】: P224
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