Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis》 1996-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

On Future Development of Geographic Science(GS)

MA Ainai (The Institute of RS and GIS,Peking University,Beijing,100871)  
The crisis-ridden has done in the geography recently For example,some Universities had renamed their Department of Geography which named Urbanand Environmental Science,Land and Ocean Science,Resource and EnvironmentalScience and so on.To be sure,Meteorology,Hydrology,Pedology,QnaternaryGeology,Land Science,Ecology,Environmemtal Science,Regional Economics andSustainable Development Work have made parts or overall to cover Geography onceby once.Even Historical Geography has been belonged to History.Geography hasfaced to disintegration.In the world,Europe and America,their geography leidparticular stress on humanities.Some Universities close down the Department ofGeography in the United States.The Preceding USSR,geography leid particularstress on nature which had influenced in our country deeply.Recently Russian ge-ography is going to find new way.For example,it is called constructional geogra-phy.Author deem to recognize an object of geographical science again with recenthalf century geographic developmental history to be necessary.The crisis-ridden al- so has brought an opportunity for us.This paper put forward a system of geo-graphic science.The core of geographic science is"Man and Earth"relationshipthat is the"Man and Earth"System. An outline for this system is: 1.An object of GS and it's threshold of time and space This paragraph put forward a"Man and Earth"system which is an megalocom-plex variations and open system.And separate geography three parts:ancient geog-raphy,historical geography,and modern geographic science. 2.Ancient geography Human was controlled by nature phenornena.There is an ancient physicalgeographical system which including ancient geomorphology,Quaternary sedimen-tary,ancient pedologic geography,ancient biologic geography,ancient hydrologicgeography,ancient climatology and ancient humanity. 3.Historical geography Since human was controlled by nature phenomena to become that human hascontrolled nature phenomena.There is a historic geographic system which includ-ing historical synthetic geography,historical partial geography and historical re-gional geography and so on. 4.Modern geographical science system There are three levels. In the top is geographical basic science which includingtheoretical geography,partial and regional geography.The second level is geo-graphical technology which including observational geography,surveying geogra-phy,experimental geography,metrological geography and geographic informationscience.In the bottom level is geographic engineering which including environmentengineering,ecosystem,land management,population controlled,urbans andtowns construction,regional development,disasters monitoring and the globechange monitoring. 5.Sustainable development(SD)system for flourshing together of"Man andEarth" There are agriculture and mariculture,light and heavy industry,and the thirdand information industry in the sustainable development.
【CateGory Index】: K90
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 MA Ainai (The Institute of RS and GIS,Peking University,Beijing,100871) ;Outer Space Information and Geographic Information Systems and Their Application[J];ACTA SCICENTIARUM NATURALUM UNIVERSITIS PEKINESIS;1998-04
2 MA Ai nai(Department of Geography,Centre of Information science,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China);Outer Space Information and Geographic Information Network System and Application to Sustainable Development Information Society[J];Developments In Surveying and Mapping;2000-04
3 MA Ai-nai,WU Lun,CHEN Xiu-wan,CHENG Cheng-qi, MAO Shan-jun (Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS, Beijing University, Beijing 100871, China);Development on Geographical Information Science[J];Geography and Territorial Research;2002-01
4 MA Ai-nai(Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, Peking University, Beijing 100871,China);On Geographical Science[J];Geography and Territorial Research;2003-01
5 LIN Hui1, HUANG Fengru1, LU Guonian2 (1. Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, HK, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210046, China);Development of Virtual Geographic Environments and the New Initiative in Experimental Geography[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2009-01
6 ZHENG Du, CHEN Shu peng (Institute of Geographic Sciences & Natural Resources Research, CAS,Beijing 100101,China);PROGRESS AND DISCIPLINARY FRONTIERS OF GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH[J];Advance In Earth Sciences;2001-05
7 Ma Ainai(Peking University);Geographical Complexity System and Geographical Nonlinearity Model[J];Journal of Systemic Dialectics;2001-04
8 WANG Yi-min,ZHOU Hong-sheng (Dept.of City and Environment Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000,China);Theoretical consider on the study of human earth system[J];Journal of Xinyang Teachers College(Natural Science Edition);2005-01
9 YAN Lei ZHAO Hu LI Guo yuan (Beijing Key Lab. of Space/Earth Information System,Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China);QUANTITATIVE DEFINITION AND DYNAMIC CLASSIFICATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES BASED ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT[J];China Population, Resources and Environment;2002-01
10 HU Xue lian, CHENG Cheng qi, SUN Yong jun, MA Ai nai (Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System,Peking University, Beijing 100871);The Concept of CoGIS[J];Journal of Image and Graphics;2003-06
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Pu Hanxin(Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica);AN EXPLORATION ON THE SYSTEM APPROACHES TO REGIONS[J];Geographical Research;1986-03
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 DENG Qun-zhao et al (Department of Management Science and Engineering,Nanchang University,Nanchang,Jiangxi 330047);Application on Peasant,Agriculture and Countryside of Group Decision of the More Stratifications and the More Take Turns[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2006-08
2 SONG Bo, YE Wen-hu (Department of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing100871,China);A New Cognition in the Connotation of Sustainable Development: from the Perspective of Growth and Stability[J];Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences);2004-04
3 Dai Ruwei (AI Lab of Institute of Automation, chinese Academy of Science Beijing, 100080, Beijing, China);Metasyntactic Wisdom of Man Computer Cooperation[J];Journal of North China University of Technology;1996-03
4 ZHANG Jiang,LI Xue-wei(School Economic and Management,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China);Cognition Model and Unified Set[J];Journal of Northern Jiaotong University;2005-06
5 LIANG Wei-liang,ZHAO Jin-chao(College of Management Engineering,Naval University of Engineering,Wuhan 430033,China);Architecture and Modeling Research of Weapon Meta-Synthesis[J];Ordnance Industry Automation;2006-12
6 LI Yan-bin, LI Tao, ZHANG Wen-quan (School of Business Administration, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China);Challenge of Complexity Science to Management Science[J];Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics(Social Sciences Edition);2004-02
7 Wang Liang(School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering,Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,Beijing 100083,China)Lu Yongjin(Shanghai Marine Equipment Research Institute,Shanghai 200031,China);Optimal method of human-machine coupling with preview information[J];Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics;2008-04
8 ZHANG Chengyang, MU Zhichun, WANG Zhenhua Information Engineering School, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;Internet Security Models Based on Research of Complexity[J];Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing;2003-05
9 ZHANG Jia,DOU Li-hua,CHEN Jie(Department of Automatic Control,School of Information Science and Technology,Beijing Institute of Technology,Beijing 100081,China);Optimization Design of Complex Weapon Equipment Systems Based on Meta-Synthesis Method[J];Transactions of Beijing Institute of Technology;2009-05
10 LI Yuan,LI Hong-xing,ZHANG Yi-nong,SUN Yun-lan,LI Ping (Automation College of Beijing Union University,Beijing 100101,China);Research on Stability of Complex System[J];Journal of Beijing Union University(Natural Sciences);2006-04
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 TANG Huanwen GUO Chonghui ZHANG Yan Institute oj Management. Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian116024;A Brief Review on Macro Economic, Forecasting Research in China[A];[C];2000
2 Nning Bentao;Li Xuefeng(East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China);Research on Methodology of Economics of Education Research for China in the Past Twenty Years[A];[C];2008
3 ZHANG Si-ying ( School of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China; Institute of Complexity Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China.;Cybernetics, system engineering, complex systems and complexity science: The qualitative studies of complex systems[A];[C];2005
4 LONG Qin,ZOU Ping, MENG Li-qing School of Economical Management,Southwest Forestry College, Kunming 650224,China;Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650093, China.;The application research of sustainable development and coordination control of ecosystem on system theory for the nature reserve of forest ecological type[A];[C];2005
5 GAO Feng, LIU Yang School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.;Elementary construe of complicated information intelligent analysis[A];[C];2005
6 DONG Liang, HE Zhong-xiong (School of Science, Institute of Automation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.;Artificial Emergence, All Set and Neural Network Expert System[A];[C];2006
7 ZHANG Jue, ZHANG Yue (School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China;School of Mechanical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China.;Intellectual Mathematics Model about the Control and Decision of ITS[A];[C];2006
8 CHEN Ning, FENG Bo-qin (Computer Teaching and Experiment Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China.;Study of Implementation Automation of Process Modeling Based on System Theory[A];[C];2006
9 Zhang Siliang, He Zhongxiong (Beijingjiaotong University, Beijing 100044);The Model of Complex System Via all Set Vague Extension Reaction Systems[A];[C];2005
10 Chen Jie,Dou Lihua,Zhang Jia Automatic Department of Information Science Technology Academy, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081;Accuracy Assignment Research of a Typical Complex System Based on Meta-Synthesis Theory[A];[C];2006
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 MA Ainai (The Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS,Peking University,Beijing,100871);Remote Sensing Information Model and Geographic Mathematics[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2001-04
2 MA Ainai (The Institute of RS and GIS,Peking University,Beijing,100871) ;Outer Space Information and Geographic Information Systems and Their Application[J];ACTA SCICENTIARUM NATURALUM UNIVERSITIS PEKINESIS;1998-04
3 JIANG Jie 1, 2 ,CHEN Jun 1 (1.China University of Mining and Technology,Beijing,100083;2.National Geomatics Center of China,Beijing,100044);Event-based Spatio-temporal Database Design for Land Subdivision System[J];ACTA GEODAETICA ET CARTOGRAPHIC SINICA;2000-01
4 LIN Hui,GONG Jian-hua (Department of Geography & Joint Laboratory for Geoinformation Science,The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,China);On Virtual Geographic Environments[J];Acta Geodaetica Et Cartographic Sinica;2002-01
5 WU Li-xin 1, ZHANG Rui-xin 2, QI Yi-xin 3, QI An-wen 1 , LI Bing 1(1. Institute of 3S and Subsidence Engineering of China Mining & Technical University,Beijing 100083,China; 2. Mining Information Treatment Center of China Mining & Technical Univers;3D Geoscience Modelling and Virtual Mine System[J];Acta Geodaetica Et Cartographic Sinica;2002-01
6 XU Meng-jie 1, PU Li-jie 2,PENG Bu-zhuo 2 (1.Land Management College,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China;2.Department of Urban & Resources Science,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China);A VALUE-EQUALITY ASSESSMENT OF THE CULTIVATION LANDS[J];Resources and Enuironment In The Yangtza Basin;2002-02
7 JIANG Xiao-bo, SUN Yan, ZHOU Wan-cun, LI Ai-nong (Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China );A STUDY ON THE LAND USE DYNAMIC CHANGES BASED ON REMOTE SENSING AND GIS[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2003-02
8 JIAO Feng,QIN Bo-qiang (Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing210008,China);STUDY ON DRIVING FORCE OF LANDSCAPE IN HUFU WATERSHED ON SMALL SCALE SUPPORTED BY GIS[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2003-03
9 HU Yun;Problems and countermeasures of the information trend development on the tourism in china[J];Urban Problems;2004-02
10 TIAN Bing1, JIA Jin-sheng2, HOU Xi-mei3 (1College of Resources and Environment, Hebei Normal Univers ity, Shijiazhuang 050016, China; 2Institute of Geography Sciences and Reso urces of CAS, Beijing 100101, China; 3Hydraulic Bureau of Zhangbei County;The index system of sustainable land use evaluation[J];Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei;2001-04
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 SU Ying-chun et al(Key Laboratory of Eco-environments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region of Ministry of Education,School of Geographic Science,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715);Formation and Development of Geomatics[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-34
2 WANG Jian1,CHE Tao1,ZHANG Li-xin2,JIN Rui1,WANG Wei-zhen1,LI Xin1,LIANG Ji1,HAO Xiao-hua1,LI Hong-yi1,WU Yue-ru1,HU Ze-yong1(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;2.Research Center for Remote Sensing and GIS,School of Geographyand Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China);The Cold Regions Hydrological Remote Sensing and Ground-Based Synchronous Observation Experiment in the Upper Reaches of Heihe River[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2009-02
3 LIU Qiaoxi MAO Shanjun MA Ainai (Institute of Remote Sensing & GIS of Peking University, Beijing, 100871);Research on the Platform of Coalmine Safety Information Sharing and Decision-Making on the Web[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2004-04
4 MA Ai-nai(City and Environment Department of Peking University,Beijing 100871,China);Development Strategy for Remote Sensing and GIS of China[J];Developments In Surveying and Mapping;2001-02
5 CHENG Cheng-qi, HU Xue-lian, MA Ai-nai (Institute of RS&GIS of Beijing Univ.,Beijing 100871,China);Concept of COGIS and Its Architecture Reasearch[J];Research Soft-Science of Surveying and Mapping;2003-01
6 WANG Ping 1 ,LIU Hui-ping 2 ,PAN Yao-zhong 1 (1.Institute of Resources Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing100875,China;2.Department of Resources and Environmental Science,BNU,Beijing100875,China);Analysis and Policy Proposal on the Education of Geographical Information System in China[J];Geomatics World;2003-04
7 WU Lun,LIU Yu,MAO Shan-jun(Institute of RS and GIS of Peking University,Beijing 100871,China);An Approach to the Regular Undergraduate Teaching for GIS Speciality——Taking Peking University as an Example[J];Geomatics World;2004-02
8 SUN Jing-jie,YANG Jun;Research and Design of Patrol GIS Based on Agent Collaborative Construction[J];Bulletin of Surveying and Mapping;2009-03
9 LIU Ji-ping,LIU Zhao,WANG Liang(1.Institute of Geo-Spatial Information,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China;2.Chinese Academy of Surveying & Mapping,Beijing 100039,China);Research on the Spatial Information Service for E-government Based on Function Collaboration[J];Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica;2006-04
10 WEN Peng-xiang1,SU De-rong1,XUE Hai-bing2(1.Key Laboratory For Forest Cultivation of Ministry of Education,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China;2.Beijing Willow Golf Club,Beijing 100083,China);Application of managing information system to golf course management[J];Pratacultural Science;2008-12
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 Yang Wuyang (Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871);ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY, SPATIAL ECONOMICS AND REGIONAL SCIENCE[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1992-06
2 Lee Shutan, Lu Cheng(Department of Geography, Nanjing Teachers' College);ON THE INTEGRITY CONCEPTION OF THE 19TH CENTURY'S GEOGRAPHY IN GERMANY[J];Geographical Research;1983-03
3 Ma Shijun Wang Rusong(Research Center of Ecology, Academia Sinica);THE SOCIAL-ECONOMIC-NATURAL COMPLEX ECOSYSTEM[J];Acta Ecologica Sinica;1984-01
4 Ma Ainai et al;Quantitative Analysis of Soil Erosion in Liuhe Region[J];Soil and Water Conservation In China;1990-01
5 Hou Ren-Zhi;A preliminary Observation of Desertification on the Oasis of Nan Hu[J];Journal of Desert Research;1981-00
6 Qian Xuesen;EARTH SCIENCE AND EARTH SURFACE SCIENCE SHOULD BE DISTINGUISHED Speech at the Symposium on Earth Surface Scíence(April 16, 1987)[J];Journal of Catastrophology;1987-03
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved