Review of Environmental Archaeology
YANG Xiaoyan 1), 2) XIA Zhengkai 2) CUI Zhijiu 2) ( 1)Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100029; 2)College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871)
School of New Archaeology was formed in 1960's. New Archaeology greatly emphasized the influence of the ecological environment on the human living conditions, resulting in the emergence of many new technologies and branches of archaeology. One of the branches is environmental archaeology. Environmental archaeology development experienced three stages, linear model, early systematic model and later systematic model.Four research areas, are formed gradually including geoarchaeology, archaeobotany, zooarchaeology and bioarchaeology. Now, the method of environmental archaeology research in China urgently needs to be improved.