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《Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis》 2005-06
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Simulation Study on the Impacts of Wetland States to Petroleum Pollution and Plant Growth

XU Xuegong~(1)) Shaw L. YU~(2)) ZHANG Zhihuan~(1),3)) DU Qiaoling~(1)) HOU Lisheng~(1))LIN Huiping~(1)) WANG Daojun~(1),4)) Jenny X. ZHEN~(2)) LIU Wenzheng~(1)) ZHANG Qinghua~(1))(()~(1))College of Environmental Sciences and Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Peking University, Beijing 100871; ()~(2))Department of Civil Engineering, University of Virginia, Virginia 22903-2442, USA; ()~(3))Geochemistry Laboratory, Petroleum University, Beijing, 102200; ()~(4)) School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871)  
The simulating experiment constructed a series of “wetland buckets" containing soil polluted by petroleum and some wetland plants from the Yellow River Delta. Through monitoring the growth of wetland plants (mainly common reed and cattails) and assaying O/G and TPH in soils according to time-lapse, the function of wetland degrading oil pollution was validated. The petroleum pollutants in the surface layer of soil were decreased by eluviations and degradation. For some wetland plants such as reed and cattail, a small quantity of petroleum pollutants did not form deadly menace, their growing tallness was positive correlated with water deepness. Therefore, wetland buffer can be constructed to reduce the impact of petroleum pollution and plant adaptive wetland vegetation so as to improve the environment of oil field.
【Fund】: )国家自然科学基金资助项目(40271001 49771005);; 美国弗吉尼亚大学合作项目;; 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室开放合作项目
【CateGory Index】: X505;
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