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《Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis》 2009-01
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Analysis to Temporal Characteristics of Tourist Flows on Jiuzhaigou World Natural Heritage

YAN Lei~1,XU Xuegong~1,ZHANG Xiaoping~(2,3)1.School of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,The key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes,Ministry of Education,Beijing 100871;2.School of Business Administration,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610064;3.Jiuzhaigou World Heritage Administration,Zhangzha 623402;  
This paper introduces the wavelet tool and 4 indexes to quantify the temporal characteristics of tourist flows.Based on the monthly visitor data from 1994-2006 and daily visitor data from 2003-2006 which were mainly collected through JDS(Jiuzhaigou digital system),the multi-time scales characteristics of tourist flow along the time series were analyzed by using the morlet wavelet transform.The complex structure of multi-time scales are exhibited,also,the periodic oscillation and the main periods of tourist flows at different scales are identified through Wavelet Toolbox in MATALAB 7.3.The results show that 1) during 1994-2006,the number of tourists increased rapidly in the way of cubic function and curve of tourists had apparently 3 peaks in July-August,October,and May respectively;2) at the month scale,the trend of tourist fluctuation decreased overtime;3) in the past 13 years,there was an approximately 1 year period in the tourist time series.Furthermore,50-70 days was another period in 2003-2006.After applying wavelet tool to analysis tourist flows,this article argues that the localization characteristics of time-frequency for wavelet analysis can effectively demonstrate the detailed structures of tourist flows.Wavelet is a promising method to analyze temporal characteristics of tourist flows,and the findings can provide a scientific guideline for adjusting and controlling tourist flows.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD20B07)资助
【CateGory Index】: F592.7
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