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Theoretical Frame of Brain Cognitive Function and its Methodological Foundation

SHEN\ Zheng (Department of Psychology, Peking University, National Laboratory on Machine Perception,Beijing,100871)  
The paper reviews the important theories on brain cognitive function and abstracts five basic points of view on brain function and four theories in cognitive science:symbolism,subsymbolism,modulism,and ecological realism.At present,there has been a historical milestone of the research field,because a new theory,techniques and facts appeared in the past few years will changed the theoretical system on brain research.The new trends and the critical dilemma in different levels of the research field are commented,including molecular neurobiology,molecular biology of cell,neurophysiology,neural networks and systems,brain functional imaging,psychology,cognitive theory and neurocomputational theories.Author suggested a new concept on efficiency of brain energy metabolism as a universal quantitative schema in order to communicating among the researchers in different field.The theoretical and methodological bases of the conception are interpreted in detail.The interdisciplinary research will help to establish a new theory in future.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: R338,
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