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《ACTA SCICENTIARUM NATURALUM UNIVERSITIS PEKINESIS》 1999-04
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Study on Niche and Community Succession of Submerged Macrophyte in Jing Mi Canal,Beijing

REN Jiuchang\ DAI Changliang\ DONG Wei\ QIAO Jianrong (National Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Center for Environmental sciences,Peking University,Beijing,100871)  
Through field investigation,the niches of macrophyte such as Potamogeton cris pus,Chara vertillibracteata,P.malaianus,Vallisneria spiralis have been carried on in Jing mi Canal.Niche overlap among species causes species competition and exclusion among species,and niche separation among species causes species harmo nic coexistence.The distribution of submerged macrophyte communities in the Jin g mi Canal results from the cooperation of niche overlap and separation.When perennial transporting water in the canal, P.crispus is due to temporal nich e separation from other species and no other species to compete the space,become s the dominant species;at the same time, Chara vertillibracteata winters in t he way of dense netlike space structure and occupies quickly the spatial niche.W hen without transporting water in winter, Vallisneria spiralis L becomes the dominant species in soft silt and shallower water,but P.malaianus becomes t he dominant species in hard silt and deeper water.The applications of Niche Theo ry in controlling the succession of weed community are discussed in this paper.
【CateGory Index】: X171
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