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《Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics》 2006-05
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Quantitative measuring method of pilots’ attention allocation

Liu Zhongqi Yuan Xiugan Liu Wei Kang Weiyong (School of Aeronautic Science and Technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China)  
Subjects finished three different flight simulation tasks in a simulator in the laboratory. Eye movement data was recorded with eye tracking system. Visual information sources were divided into two AOIs (area of interest): IP (instrument panel) AOI and OV (out view) AOI. The three eye movement indices were analyzed and compared in the two AOIs. Results show that there are different scanning patterns through three tasks, and that there are more fixation points, longer dwell time and longer average fixation duration in OV AOI than that inside. It indicates that fighter pilots acquire information mostly from the OV in VFR (visual flight rules) condition and most of their visual attention is allocated to the outside world. Eye movement indices can objectively uncover the rules of pilots’ attention allocation and evaluate their workload. The research will be beneficial to cockpit display design of the fighter aircraft and pilots’ training.
【Fund】: 中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2004035033);; 航空基础科学基金资助项目(02B51043);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30400137)
【CateGory Index】: TP274
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