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《北京科技大学学报(英文版)》 2004-06
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Performance of a combined capacitor based on ultrafine nickel oxide/carbon nanotubes composite electrodes

Xiaofeng Wang , Yanqiu Cao , Yiqiang Lu, Qiqian Sha , and Ji Liang Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China Applied Science School, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China  
A new sol-gel process for the preparation of ultrafine nickel hydroxide electrode materials was developed. The composite electrodes consisting of carbon nanotubes and Ni(OH)2 were developed by mixing the hydroxide and carbon nanotubes together in different mass ratios. In order to enhance energy density, a combined type pseudocapacitor/electric double layer capacitor was considered and its electrochemical properties were characterized by cyclic voltammetry and dc charge/discharge test. The combined capacitor shows excellent capacitor behavior with an operating voltage up to 1.6 V in KOH aqueous electrolyte. Stable charge/discharge behaviors were observed with much higher specific capacitance values of 24 F/g compared with that of EDLC (12 F/g) by introducing 60% Ni(OH)2 in the anode material. By using the modified anode of a Ni(OH)2/carbon nanotubes composite electrode, the specific capacitance of the cell was less sensitive to discharge current density compared with that of the capacitor employing pure nickel hydroxide as anode. The combined capacitor in this study exhibits high energy density and stable power characteristics.
【CateGory Index】: O613.71
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【Co-references】
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1 BAOHong, ZHENQang, LI Wechao Metallurgy School,UST Beijing,Beijing 100083, CHina ; City Key Laboratony of Iron and Steel Metallurgy Shanghai 200072,China;Anti-Errosion of O'-Sialon/BN and O'-Sialon/ZrO_2 Composties in Molten Steel and Slag[J];Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing;2001-04
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5 GAO, Xiao-Honga ZHANG, Deng-Songa,b SHI, Li-Yi,a,c FANG, Jian-Huia CAO, Wei-Mina (a School of Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444) (b School of Material Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072) (c Research Center of Nano-Science and Technology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444);Preparation and Electrocatalytic Performance of Carbon Nanotubes/SnO2 Composite Electrodes[J];Acta Chimica Sinica;2007-07
6 Liao Qing-Liang 1) Zhang Yue 1)2) Xia Lian-Sheng 3) Huang Yun-Hua 1) Qi Jun-Jie 1) Gao Zhan-Jun 1) Zhang Huang 3) 1)(Department of Materials Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083,China) 2)(State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083,China) 3)(Institute of Fluid Physics, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900,China);Research on intense pulsed emission of carbon nanotube cathode[J];Acta Physica Sinica;2007-09
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