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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 1985-03
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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TREE NUTRITION ANDPESTS——HOW DIFFERENT CULTIVATION MEASURES AFFECTPOPLARS RESISTANCE TO PESTS

Zhou Zhangyi Su XilinBeijing Forestry CollegeLiu Zengshan Benghe tree farm, Fei county, Shandong ProvinceSu Xiulian Chaobaihe tree farm, Beijing  
This paper deals with the resistance of poplars to pests.The poplars were subjected to different cultivation measures including intercropping the poplars with locusts,the poplars with legumes for green manure, using organic fertilizers and chemical fertilizers. A study was also made of the reasons why the resistance of the poplars varied with the different measures. The main results are as follows (a) Intercropping the poplars with the locusts or with the legumes not only significantly decreased the number of Saperda populnea and Clostera anachoreta,but also affected the growth of the poplars, (b) Growing larvae of Leucoma Candida were fed the leaves of the poplars intercropped with the locusts or growing larvae of Clostera anachoreta were fed the leaves cf the poplars intercropped with the legumes.The larvae grew relatively slowly, compared to the control larvae fed on the leaves of the poplars grown on their own. The ratio of female to male of the pupas and adults, and the egg number in the female pupas' bodies also decreased. (c)The amount of total protein, total free aminoacid, raw cellulose, ash and liquid in leaves of the intercropping poplars was higher, but the amount of total sugar, the ratio of nitrogen to carbon and the free cystine was lower than that of the control trees. In addition, the fee methionine and histidine in the leaves of the intercropping poplars was deficient. Our data show that intercropping measures raise the resistance of the poplars to pests.
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