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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2002-03
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Water holding capacity characteristic of ground cover and soil under pure Abies fabri forest on the Gongga Mountain.

Cheng Jinhua; Zhang Hongjiang; Yu Xinxiao; Zhang Dongsheng; Zhao Yutao. College of Resources and Environment, Beijing For. Univ.,100083, P.R.China.  
In order to study the effect of ground cover and forest soil under Abies fabri forest on the Gongga Mountain(29°20′~30°20′N,101°30′~102°15′E)on soil and water conservation and water source conservation, the authors got hydrological characteristic parameters such as the maximum water holding capacity, water absorption speed of ground cover and physical characteristic parameters such as the total porosity, the capillary porosity of the forest soil through the water holding characteristic experiment of the ground cover and the forest soil experiment under four types of Abies fabri forest (the young stand, the mid\|age stand, the mature stand and the overmature stand). The result shows that the maximum water holding capacity of the moss under the mature stand is the maximal, which is 343 5% of its dry weight, that of the moss under the overmature stand is 284 5%, that of the moss under the mid\|age stand is 282 5%, that of the moss under the young stand is 250%. The maximum water holding capacity of the litter under the mature stand is 301 8% of its dry weight, that of the litter under the overmature stand is 226 4%, that of the litter under the mid\|age stand is 209 4%, that of the litter under the young stand is 205 4%. The equation between the water absorption speed of the ground cover and the immersing time is S=kt n. The density of the forest soil on the Gongga Mountain is 0 851~1 136 g/cm\+3, the saturated capacity is 55 29%~83 96%, the capillary holding capacity is 44 48%~75 41%. The field holding capacity is 39 50%~65 86%.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“长江上游暗针叶林生态系统水文过程调节机制的研究”(3 993 0 13 0 )的部分内容
【CateGory Index】: S714
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