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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2002-Z1
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Influence of forest fire disaster on forest ecosystem in Great Xing’anling.

Luo Juchun. College of Resources and Environment,Beijing For. Univ. 100083, P.R.China.  
A serious fire disaster took place in the northern forest region of the Great Xing'anling in northeastern China in the spring of 1987 and this forest fire resulted in serious losses. Now the effect of the heavy fire on forest ecosystem has been widely concerned, while this problem was seldom discussed in the past years. After the all round investigations from 1987, some conclusions are summarized as follows: (1) In the forest lands suffered from the serious fire, large diameter trees of Larix gemelinii and Pinus syvestris var. mongolica have not been burned to death, but all of Populus davidiana and Betule platyphylla died in the mid degree fire. (2) After the fire disaster, large areas of natural young forests were developed, which mainly originated from the sprouts of Betula platyphylla , and there was good natural regeneration in the Betula platyphylla and Pinus syvestris var. mongolica stands. (3) After Larix gemelinii stands were burned, the growth rate decreased firstly, and then restored to the normal level, but the growth volume increased. After the Pinus syvestris var. mongolica stands suffered from the serious fire, growth rate always decreased but the growth volume increased obviously. (4) Effect of the fire on plant diversity was very slight. (5) During the three years after fire disaster, vegetation in the thin soil of steep and southern slopes was restored slowly, and soil and water conservation ability reduced sharply. The soil erosion on these slopes was intensive and these slopes mostly developed into barren mountains later. Vegetation restored quickly in the flat and gentle slopes with good water condition, but environment has little changes. (6) Organic matter and mineral nutrition in the forest soil where fire has happened reduced greatly. The steeper the slope is, the poorer the soil is.
【Fund】: 国家林业局“西林吉林业局森林更新恢复规划设计”项目的部分内容
【CateGory Index】: S718.5;S762
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