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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2003-01
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Evapotranspiration simulation of subalpine forest area in Gongga Mountain.

Cheng Genwei; Yu Xinxiao; Zhao Yutao; Zhou Yangming; Luo Ji. Institute of Mountain Disaster and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, P.R.China.  
Evapotranspiration is the most important output in the land hydrological cycle. However, evapotranspiration estimation is still an intractable problem especially in mountainous areas. To explore the water cycle in mountain region, different evaporation experiments for ground and water surface were carried out in eastern slope of the Gongga Mountain, southwestern China. The Penman Monteith formula was applied to simulate the dynamic of evapotranspiration for naked land, Abies fabri forest and shrub grass areas. The simulating results show that the net radiation, air temperature and vegetation types are the predominant factors to control the dynamic of evapotranspiration. The evapotranspiration process modeled for naked land is similar to observed evaporation of water surface. The simulated values of evapotranspiration of forest and shrub grass areas are higher in growth period, or lower in non growth period than that of naked land surface. The difference of them for these two kinds of land surface varies from -25% to 25%. The modeled results show that the modified Penman Monteith formula can be used satisfactorily in the hydrological cycle analysis for mountain region with forest coverage.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (3 993 0 13 0 )、(5 0 0 9962 0 );; 教育部博士点基金资助项目 (2 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 9)
【CateGory Index】: S715
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