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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2005-05
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Characteristics of solar radiation and its distribution above the canopy of tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China

ZHANG Yi-ping~ 1; DOU Jun-xia~ 1, 3; YU Gui-rui~ 2; ZHAO Shuang-ju~ 1, 3; SONG Qing-hai~ 1, 3; SUN Xiao-min~ 2. 1 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223, P. R. China; 2 Institute of Geographic Sciences and National Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, P. R. China; 3 The Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100039, P. R. China.  
Based on the observation information of solar radiation in a tropical seasonal rain forest in west China's Xishuangbanna through 2003, annual, seasonal and daily variation of energy balance components, and values of components relative to global radiation, long-wave radiation, albedo and transmissivity were analyzed in order to discuss solar radiation characteristics in tropical seasonal rain forests. The results show that yearly average of total daily global radiation is 13.75 MJ/m~ 2, with 59.98%, 28.68%, 11.34% and 7.13% of global radiation partitioned into net radiation, effective radiation, reflective radiation and transmission radiation separately. Because of the seasonal differences of weather conditions, velocity of above-canopy solar radiation is smaller in foggy-cool seasons while greater in rainy seasons. As for the dry-hot season, daily variation of solar radiation components is different to a certain degree due to leaves shedding concentratedly in this season. In addition, transmission radiation should not been neglected in a tropical seasonal rain forest, especially when it is greater in the dry-hot season. During a day, transmission radiation is greater around midday; especially in the dry-hot season, there is the phenomenon of “sudden emergence", with a transmissivity as high as 49.9% at 12:00. Through a day, upward long-wave radiation present an one-peaked pattern, while downward long-wave radiation shows a pattern of two peaks and two troughs, which results in positive effective radiation above the canopy. So, as far as annual average values are concerned, tropical seasonal rain forest canopies always act as heat sources to heat up the surrounding air. Though values of upward long-wave radiation change monthly and seasonally, daily variations are all similar. However, influenced by weather conditions, not only the values of downward long-wave radiation change with month and season, but also daily variations of downward long-wave radiation differ in different seasons. Finally, effective radiation above the canopy have different values in different months, and there exist greater daily variation differences among seasons. Besides the general fact that daily albedo is higher in the early morning and dusk, the albedo has the tendency of higher values in the forenoon and lower in the afternoon during the daytime. Also,daily transmissivity shows a tendency of maximum value at the noon and smaller in the forenoon and afternoon. In the tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, above-canopy solar radiation components and values of components relative to the global radiation, and annual, seasonal and daily variations of long-wave radiation, albedo and transmissivity are all closely related with local climate conditions and forest community appearance variations.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1SW0101A);; “973”国家重点基础项目(2002CB412501).
【CateGory Index】: S718.51
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8 CHEN Fajun1,2,CHEN Kunhao3,XIE Yonggui4,SHEN Youxin1( 1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming 650223,Yunnan,China;2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3. Department of Environment and Life Science,Bijie University,Bijie 551700,Guizhou,China;4. Bijie Institute of Region Forestry Science,Guizhou Province,Bijie 551700,Cuizhou,China );Phenological Patterns of Main Plants in Karst Ecosystem in Northwest Guizhou,China[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2010-06
9 ZHANG Min and ZHANG She-qi (College of Science,Northwest A&F University,Yangling Shaanxi 712100,China);Characteristics of Solar Radiation and Its Distribution above the Canopy of the Pinus tabulaeformis[J];Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Occidentalis Sinica;2008-04
10 YUAN Feng-hui1,2,GUAN De-xin1,WU Jia-bing1,WANG An-zhi1,SHI Ting-ting1,2,ZHANG Xiao-jing1,2(1Institute of Applied Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shenyang 110016,China;2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);Spatiotemporal characteristics of photosynthetically active radiation in understory of Korean pine and broadleaved mixed forest in Changbai Mountains[J];Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology;2008-02
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1 GAO Juming1,4, ZHANG Yiping1* *, YU Guirui2,SONG Qinghai1,Yang Zhen1,4,SUN Xiaomin2, ZHAO Shuangju3 (1.Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,CAS,Kunming 650223; 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;3. Yunnan Building Materials Science Research and Design Institute, Kunming 650223; 4.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039, China );The Analysis of Spatial-temporal Dynamics of Soil Temperature in the Tropical Seasonal Rain Forest of Xishuangbanna[A];[C];2007
2 Zhang Yiping1,2**,Zhao Junbin1,3,Song Qinhai1,2,3,Liang Zhi4 (1 Xishuangbanna tropical botanical garden, Chinese academy of science, Menglun, Yunnan, 666303, China,2, Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Yunnan, 666303, China,3 Graduate university of Chinese academy of science, Beijing, 100039, China.4 College of Resources & Environment and Earth Science, Yunnan University,Kunming 650091, China);Comparative Study on Photosynthetic Active Radiation Characteristics of the Main Plant Introduction Site in Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,SW China[A];[C];2009
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1 Zhang Yiping; Wang Jinxin; Ma Youxin; Liu Yuhong. Journal of Beijing Forestry University (2000)22(3)8~13[Ch,29 ref.]Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, CAS,Kunming,650223, P. R. China.;Temporal spatial characteristics of trunk surface temperature at the edge of canopy gap in tropical secondary forest of Xishuangbanna in dry season.[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY;2000-03
2 Ma Qinyan; Liu Zhigang; Pan Xiangli; Han Hairong; Zhang Rong. Journal of Beijing Forestry University ?(2000)22(4)18~21 [Ch,5 ref.]College of Resources and Environment,Beijing For.Univ.,100083,P.R.China.;A study on the canopy structure and light distribution of \%Larix principis ruppurechtii\% during the growing season[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY;2000-04
3 Han Hairong;Jiang Yulong. Journal of Beijing Forestry University (2000)22(4)92~96[Ch,14 ref.]College of Resources and Environment, Beijing For. Univ., 100083,P.R.China.;Study on the light characteristics of artificial forest of \%Quercus variables.\%[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY;2000-04
4 Zhang Yiping; Ma Youxin; Liu Yuhong; Dou Junxia; Guo Ping; Wang Jinxin. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS, 650223, P. R. China.;Temperature characteristics of different thermal active surfaces near edge of tropical rain forest.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2001-06
5 Liu Zhigang; Ma Qinyan(College of Forest Resources and Environment, BFU);A Study on Leaf Growth Course of a Larix principis-rupprechtii Plantation[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY;1994-01
6 Cui Qiwn Zhu Jinwei (The Institute of Forestry and Pedology,Academia Sinica);THE TRANSMISSIVE AND REFLECTIVE THEORETICS OF LIGHTFOR VARIOUS STRUCTURES OF THE FOREST CANOPY[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1981-02
7 ZHANG Yi ping, WANG Jing xin, LIU Yu hong, MA You xin, LI You rong [WT8.5BZ]( Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,CAS ,Kunming 650223, China );Study on the sun-shine characteristics of the tropical secondary forest gap in the dry-hot season in Xishuangbanna[J];Guihaia;2001-01
8 Dou Junxia, Zhang Yiping, Ma Youxin, Liu Yuhong, Guo Ping(Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS,Kunming 650223, China);A Primary Study on Thermal Effect of Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum in Tropical Seasonal Rain Forest Gap[J];Chinese Journal of Enviromental Science;2002-06
9 He Qing-tang, (Beijing College of Forestry)Liu Zuo-chang, (Institute of Genetics, Academia Sinica);THE HEAT BALANCE IN FOREST STANDS[J];Scientia Silvae Sinicae;1980-01
10 Xu DeyingThe Research Institute of Forestry CAF Zheng QingboThe Research Institute of Tropical Forestry CAF;EVAPOTRANSPIRATION WATER-COMSUMPTION IN TROPICAL FOREST AT JIANFENGLING, HAINAN ISLAND[J];Forest Research;1989-01
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