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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2009-01
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Effects of dam construction sequences on soil conservation efficiency of a check-dam system

XU Xiang-zhou~(1,2);ZHANG Hong-wu~3;XU Shi-guo~1;WANG Wen-long~2.1 School of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering,Dalian University of Technology,Liaoning Province,116024,P.R.China;2 State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling Distinct,Shaanxi Province,712100,P.R.China;3 Department of Hydraulics & Hydropower Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,P.R.China.  
This study presents a physical modeling experiment to test the soil conservation efficiency of a check-dam system with different dam construction sequences.A conceptualized typical small watershed in the Loess Plateau was chosen as the prototype study area.Some of the model scales used in the experiment were determined by theory,whereas others were obtained by preliminary tests on the prototype rainfall-erosion parameters and those of the model.The results indicate that sediment in the catchment is easy to be trapped and the relative stability of the check-dam system is also easy to be realized when the check dams being built first main channel and then branch gully,meanwhile starting from the lower reaches of the watershed and moving to the upper reaches.
【Fund】: 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室开放基金项目(10501-175);; 英国赠款中国小流域治理管理项目(Kt-1)
【CateGory Index】: S157.6
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