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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2009-05
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Coverage changes of forestland and grassland in northeastern China during the past 300 years

YE Yu;FANG Xiu-qi;ZHANG Xue-zhen;ZENG Zao-zao.School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,100875,P.R.China  
Northeastern China is one of the regions having the most abundant forest and grass resources in China.During the past 3 centruries(1700--2000),land cover changes,such as deforestation,grass degeneration,etc.,have influenced the climate system by changing surface albedo and carbon flux between land and atmosphere.This paper uses historical document analysis and reconstruction of original potential vegetation cover combined with driving force analysis to reconstruct forest and grassland cover changes over the past 3 centruries in northeastern China.The authors hope to provide forest and grassland coverage data on spatial resolution of county level and time resolution of approximately 100 years,and also provide real historical data for climate models,carbon emission estimates,and other relative research.Furthermore,greater knowledge was sought about the characteristics of forest and grassland cover changes in northeastern China over the past 300 years:the proportions of forestland and grassland in northeastern China were reduced by approximately 15% and 10%;during 18--19 centuries,natural vegetation coverage in northeastern China was still nearly at the initial state,the area where the forest and grassland reduced mainly concentrated in agriculture and reclamation areas of eastern and western Liaoning Province;1900--1950 is the most rapid time of reduction,natural vegetation in eastern and western Liaoning Province was almost completely destroyed,forest reduction in the Yalu River Basin and the Changbai Mountain area was extremely obvious,the grassland distribution flinched obviously to the west;in late half of the 20th century,forest cover showed a trend of spatial expansion except that the part of area was still decreasing,but the grassland cover showed reduction tendency continuously.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40571165);; 中国科学院创新基金项目(KZCX2-YW-315);; “十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAC03A11)
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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