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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2009-S2
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Light competition and yield of fruit-crop intercropping system in western Shanxi Province

SHI Xiao-li1;GUO Xiao-ping1;BI Hua-xing1;LI Yong-hong2.1 Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating of Ministry of Education,Beijing Forestry University,100083,P.R.China;2 Greening Office of Forestry Bureau of Jixian County in Shanxi Province,042200,P.R.China  
Targeting three fruit-crop intercropping models,i.e.apple-soybean(PD),apple-peanut(PH) and apple-corn(PY) in the Loess Plateau of western Shanxi Province,we analyzed the relationship of apple and crops of the three models in photosynthetic active radiation(PAR),photosynthetic rate(P_n) and yield.The results showed that,in the three intercropping models,as the average height of crops increased(peanut soybean maize),PAR of the crops also increased,but PAR of apple trees reduced;variation of P_n of apple trees followed the same trend with PAR,and in the three models,P_n of crops decreased in the order of PYPHPD;as the distance between crops and apple trees increased,PAR and P_n of crops increased.The results indicates that under the given planting density of apple trees,different planting densities of crops affect light competition in different intercropping models;the ratios of output to input in PD,PH and PY models are 4.042:1,4.036:1 and 3.404:1,and models of PD and PH are more applicable than PY for popularization in the western areas of Shanxi Province.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD10A03、2006BAD03A05)
【CateGory Index】: S661.1;S344
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