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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 2011-06
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Response of chlorophyll fluorescence of Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.needles in growing seasons to temperature changes

CHEN Xi;CHEN Bin-li;ZHOU Chen;ZHENG Cai-xia.College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology,Beijing Forestry University,100083,P.R.China.  
Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.is a species of evergreen plants with the characteristics of heat and cold resistance in north China.The changing patterns of its needles' chlorophyll fluorescence parameters after various temperatures were investigated in order to find out how the needles' photosynthetic institution respond to unusual temperatures.The data showed that when needles were subjected to 30 and 35 ℃,the minimal fluorescence(F0) and the non-photochemical quenching coefficient(qN) increased by degrees,while the maximal quantum yield of PSⅡ(Fv/Fm),the maximum quanta yield(Yield),and the electron transport rate(ETR) decreased gradually as the temperature went up.Whereas,all the data varied within a small range,indicating that common high temperature in summer had effects on the PSⅡ reaction centre activity,but cause slight damage.However,when dealt with over 40 ℃ high temperatures,F0,qN ascended and Yield,ETR descended sharply,meanwhile,Fv/Fm reduced to the value below 0.8.This suggested that the PSⅡ reaction centre might have suffered severe damage.When subjected to low temperatures above zero(ranged from 0 to 15 ℃),parameters didn't have notable changes.That is to say,PSⅡ reaction centre's activity of the needles in growing seasons can be stable to the above freezing temperatures' influence.Under subzero temperatures,Fv/Fm,ETR and qN decreased considerably while F0 increased visibly,and didn't have significant recovery in the next 12 hours,which implied that subzero temperatures have done irreversible harm to the photosynthetic institution of P.tabulaeformis's needles.
【Fund】: 北京市大学生科学研究与创业行动计划(101002207)
【CateGory Index】: S791.254
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