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《Journal of Beijing Forestry University》 1998-01
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A Preliminary Study on the Forest Hydrology Effect in Chongqing Area, Southwestern China

Ma Liangqing(Forestry Administration of Chongqing, 630015,P.R.China)Zhang Yurui(Agromachinery and Hydroelectric Administration of Chongqing, 630015,P.R.China)  
The preliminary research on the forest hydrology effect in the Chongqing area reveals that:in the yellowbrown soil and the humus yellow soil under the evergreen broadleaved forests, the water retention capability of noncapillary pore generally equals to or surpass the maximum daily precipitaiton (around 140 to 230 mm); but in the yellow soil under the Pinus massonia forest and the purple soil under the Cupressus funebris forest, the water retention is lower than the maximum daily precipitation over the years.The ratio of flood to low runoff , the Cv value of runoff and the sediment decreased with the rising of the forest coverage. The runoff coefficient has the positive corelation with the forest cover rate. These results show that the forest plays an important regulation role on the monthly distribution of precipitation, the monthly distribution of runoff and the sediment amount.
【CateGory Index】: S715.7
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