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The Biological Characteristics of Flowering and Pollination in Early Lilac and Its White Flowered Variety

Wu Guoliang Yang Zhihong Liu Qunlong (Department of Horti.,Shanxi Agri.Univ.,Taigu,030801,P.R.China)  
The observation on the flowering biological characteristics and the pollination test about early lilac (Syringa oblata)and its variety (Syringa oblata var. affinis, white flowered early lilac) were carried out on the compus of Shanxi Agri. Univ.in 1995~1997. The results are described as follows: the flowering period of single inflorescence was 5~7 days and that of the whole tree was 7~11 days in the white variety.It was 1~2 days later for the early lilac species than its variety. The germination percentage of the fresh pollens of Syringa oblata was 2 7%~5.6% and that of fresh pollens of S. oblata var. affinis was 5.5%~15.0%. But both germination percentages were nearly 0% after 24hr storage under the room temperature.Fruit setting percentage of natural pollination was both quite high in S.oblata and its variety affinis,being 53.2% and 51.7% respectively. Although lilacs being naturally cross pollinated plants, the percentages of artificial self pollination were high, i.e.63.5% for S. oblata and 67.2% for S. oblata var. affinis. Furthermore, the percentages of artificial cross pollination were also high, i.e.79.8% for S. oblata(♀) var. affinis(♂),67.6% for var. affinis ×var. affinis, 65 8% for S. oblata×S.oblata, and 60.8% for var. affinis ×S. oblata respectively.
【CateGory Index】: S685.260.1
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