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Taxonomy Geographical Distribution and Evolution of Calycanthaceae

Zhang Ruohui(Zhejiang Forestry College,Lin'an,311300,P.R.China) Shen Xianglin(Forestry Administration of Huzhou,Zhejiang,313000,P.R.China)  
This paper described the taxonomy,geographical distribution and evolution of Calycanthaceae. In the family it was subdivided into 9 species and 2 varieties belonging to 3 genera .The identification keys for genera in family and for species in each genus were given. Calycanthaceae is an old family. Calycanthus, Sinocalycanthus and Chimonanthus are the corresponding genera which disjointedly distribut in the North America and the East Asia. Based on the features of morphology, anatomy, cytology, pollinating insects, embryogenesis and chemistry of representing species,the authors considered that in this family Chimonanthus may be the most advanced, Calycanthus the more primitive, and Sinocalycanthus the intermediate. Within Chimonanthus the evolutionary trend is assumed from evergreen to deciduous,from undifferentiated tepals to clearly differentiated, and from elauless tepals to clawed ones. In considering all features,we should regard Ch. campanulatus as the most primitive, and Ch. praecox the most advanced species within the genus.
【Fund】: 浙江省自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S685.170.19
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