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《JOURNAL OF BEIJING FORESTRY UNIVERSITY》 1999-02
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Studies on Chromosome of Prunus mume

Lin Shenghua (Research Institute of Pomology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xingcheng, Liaoning, 125100, P.R.China) Chu Mengyuan(Department of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095,P.R.China)  
In order to study the chromosomes of Prunus mume and identify the ploidies of the germplasm resources of Prunus mume, the cytological basis was provided for the taxonomy, origin, inheritance and breeding studies of Prunus mume. Chromosome numbers of 108 cultivars, 2 forms, and 5 mutant species of Prunus mume in 9 provinces (regions) in China were studied by “wall degredation hypotonic treatment" method. It was first found that P.mume Sieb. et Zucc. var. bungo Makino. originated in China is diploid (2n=2x=16), but it has 9.5% of tetraploid cells (2n=4x=32). `Chihongmei' in Nanjing, Jiangsu is a chimera of diploid and tetraploid (2n=2x=16,2n=4x=32). The other cultivars are diploid (2n=2x=16).
【Fund】: 中国农业科学院院长基金
【CateGory Index】: S685.170.3
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