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《Peking University Education Review》 2003-03
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The Trend of Education Reform in China on the Turning of the New Century:the Problems of the Relation between Education and the Market

LAO Kai-sheng (School of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)  
Since the 1990s', the educational service which is based on all kinds of non-governmental social forces and supported to the society has pr o gressively been an important aspect of educational development, which embodies t hat the voluntary transaction of the market and the groups of new educational co nsumers are coming into being in education. The public education system in China has to be challenged from the market, which makes schools which are relatively conservative realms directly face the market, and as a result, a kind of new dis tribution way of educational resources and training mode has been formed. Now, s ome different marketized operational patterns have been formed in the present sc hool domains, and which are divided into nine kinds of different types according to different extent to which the market is involved into education. Therefore, Chinese education is facing a series of new problems, which intensively ref lects the contradiction between the public-welfare and the profit-oriented nat ur e of education after the market is involved into education. The future route and basic feature of the education reform in China depend on how to realize and sol ve the contradiction and how to set up a kind of effective mechanism of coordina tion and restriction.
【CateGory Index】: G521
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