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《Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Science Edition)》 2003-02
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The Impact of the National Land Policy on the Sustainable Arable Land Use in China since1949

XU Xiao-li,SHI Pei-jun,Yang Ming-chuanChange and Natural Disasters,Ministry of Education,BNU;Beijing 100875,China)  
It's well known that land-use and land-cover change is affected by lots of factors such as GDP, population and policy. In China, the policy plays a vital role on the change of land-use and land-cover. Clear and deep understandings about land-use and land-cover change in China can't be reached without the knowledge of the National land policy. Therefore, this paper reviews the National land policy relevant to land-use and land-cover including the five-year plans, special political affairs, policy and laws roundly from 1949 to 2002 in China. It can be seen that the National land policy affect the land-use and land-cover change by the following ways: firstly, the five-year plans determine the main direction of the land-use and land-cover by making industry and region developing policy and arranging the direction and emphasis of the investment in national capital construction; secondly, the special political affairs always make great affects on the change of land-use and land-cover; thirdly, the rule of laws and notices change one kind of the land-use and land-cover and then change the whole land-use and land-cover ; finally, the laws and bylaws are always trying to maintain the status of the land-use and land-cover. 
【Fund】: 教育部跨世纪人才(1998);; 国家基础研究规划项目资助(G2000018604)。
【CateGory Index】: F323.21
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