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《Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Science Edition)》 2005-01
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The Equilibrium of Industrial Clusters:From an Ecological Perspective

HE Ji-shan,DAI Wei-ming (Business School,Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)  
An industrial cluster is similar to a species population. The present thesis makes an attempt, by adopting the theory of population ecology, to analyze the competition, mutualism and up-down stream relationship among enterprises in industrial clusters, and build three models to describe them. Then a conclusion is drawn that an equilibrium for the condition of the members in an industrial cluster lies in that the competitive members must be different, and that the mutualism members must be competitive. It has therefore been found that the conditions of an industrial cluster to keep ecological equilibrium are that enterprises in the cluster must differ in products and technologies, form divided-cooperative networks and keep frequent communication with the external world.
【CateGory Index】: F270
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