Spatial Distribution and Contributing Factors of Patents in China
FAN Li-na (College of Resources Science and Technology, BNU, Beijing 100875, China)
Patent datum is one of the common indexes in measuring regional innovation capability. In China, patents have the characteristic of centralizing in the coastal areas; and the dynamic data have revealed that there exists an increasing gap of innovation capability between different regions. Theoretically, spatial distribution may be affected by a series of economic and social factors; and the contributing factors, in terms of a metrology model from the quantitative aspect, can be summarized as follows. Firstly, the monolithic level of market development(reflected by Total Retail Sales of Consumer Goods)has the strongest influence. Secondly come the factors of R--D investment by corporations, foreign direct investments, researchers' proportion, and others. Lastly, some suggestions are educible to improve the innovation ability in China. These suggestions include: (1) working out favorable policies for backwards areas; (2) increasing corporations' research fund to enhance their research ability; (3) attaching importance to technology import in foreign investment; (4) exerting researchers' power in innovation activity; and (5) promoting transmission of scientific and technological achievements.
【CateGory Index】： G306