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《Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Science Edition)》 2005-03
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Regional Gap in Education and Choice of Policies

ZHANG Zhi-yong (Education Department of Shandong Province, Jinan 250000, China)  
The regional economic gap in China has become larger and larger along with the advancement of the socialist market economy. Meanwhile, the regional development of education, the same as that of the economic patterns, displays a strong regional disparity not only across the eastern, middle and western areas, but also within. Samples and investigations indicate that a tremendous intra-regional gap also exists in five respects: per capita education funds, the level of educational popularization, teacher salary, per capita public educational funds and conditions for running a school. It is the 'double-two-pole' system with urban and rural areas separated from each other that produces the gap. To break up this system needs to set up the unified public educational system in urban-rural areas, to provide free compulsory education for rural school-aged children, to innovate the relevant systems, such as the management system of rural compulsory education, the financial system of transferring payment and the system of financial input for rural compulsory education.
【Fund】: 教育科学规划十五国家级重点课题“我国转型期重大教育政策问题案例研究”(AFA010001)。
【CateGory Index】: G520
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