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《Journal of Beijing Normal University(Social Sciences)》 2006-06
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Re-examining the Mission of Universities in Circumstance of Mass Higher Education

ZHANG Xue-wen(Xinhua Digest,Beijing 100706,China)  
The mission of universities is an old contestable theme in the history of higher education.We should pay much attention to harmonizing four issues: how to understand the root of the expansion of higher education;how to reinforce liberal education;how to balance the relation between equality and excellence;and how to harmonize the relationship between university,government and market.All these are based on the orientation about the ultimate goal of universities.There is no such a thing,in any society,as only one type of university,or one mission of a university.The ultimate mission of a university is still the transference of the traditional wisdom and the important ideas of the time to the young generations.Others,such as training leaders,knowledge innovation,professional training for higher levels,elegance culture in a particular society,conventionalized social moral,social reforms and such should be "additional functions".Modern universitis must make students and the pulic understand that their ultimate mission is: not of strategems for profits or for employment;rather,modern universities should inspire the students' rationalistic potence,cultivate their ability of how to treat the capability that individuals,society and history are demanded from the long-term and round perspective.
【CateGory Index】: G649.2
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