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《Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education》 2005-02
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Economic Analysis of Referees' Behaviors of "Black Whistle" and System Design

HAN Kai-cheng~1, WANG Jian~2 (1. College of Physical Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450044, Henan China;2. Department of Physical Education, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, Henan China)  
Applying the microeconomic theory, the author analyzes and discusses some problems about the referees' behavior of "black whistles", and draws some conclusions that "black whistles" mainly results from the rank-seeking of the sport clubs and the political money creation and extraction of the referees'; when MR is equal to MC, the referee who blows "black whistles" realizes his maximum profit; blowing "black whistles" is a kind of moral-hazard to the agent, and when MRm is equal to MCm, the referee realizes his maximum profit for blowing "black whistles"; the decisions on blowing "black whistles" or not have different kinds of preferences for risk. In order to prevent referees from blowing "black whistles", the author suggests that we should practise the policy of professional referees, enhance supervision to referees, increase legal rewards to referees, introduce competitive systems and promote competitiveness and amplify the account supervising system, and make and perfect effective incentive-constraint system, and so on.
【CateGory Index】: G843
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 QIU Jun1,ZHONG Jianwei2Gym Department,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China.;Analysis of Social Problems in Sport[J];Journal of Capital Institute of Physical Education;2009-06
【Citations】
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1 Duan Aiming Zhang Jianxin Peng Changkang Mo Fengying(Deparrtment of P.E.,Hunan Institute of Engineering,Xiangtan411104);On the Causes of "Unfair Play and Judgment in the Soccer Field[J];Journal of Anhui Sports Science;2003-02
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【Co-citations】
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1 DU Jun-ping (Antai College of Economics & Management,Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200052);Research on Chinese Highway Road Transportation Based on the Production Function Theory[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2007-01
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3 SUN Guang-rong,LIU Yan-ting (School of Commerce,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200063,China);Ponderations on Business Circle of Specialty[J];Journal of Anhui University of Technology(Sociel Sciences);2004-02
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10 FU Yong ( College of Economics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China );Economic Analysis on Administrative Monopoly[J];Journal of Beijing Polytechnic University Social Sciences Edition;2004-02
【Co-references】
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1 Yin Jun(Physical Education College of AnHui Normal University,Wuhu 241000)Guo Jiaxing(Physical Education College of BeiJing, Beijing 100084);STUDY ON THE AGE STRUCTURE OF ELITE COACHES OF ANHUI PROVINCE[J];JOURNAL OF ANHUI SPORTS SCIENCE;1999-04
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4 Liang Jianping; Li Dunjie; Tang Wuxian (Institute of Physical Education, South West Nor IUniversity, Chongqing 400715)(Beijinn Universitt of Phosical Education, Beijing 100084)(China Financial Institute, Beijing 100013);Consideration of Basketball Professionalism Reform in China[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF PHYSICAL EDVCATION;1999-02
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7 ZHU Yun-wei (Inst. of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China);Analysis of "Corruptive-whistle" and Rent-seeking Behaviors of Football Clubs[J];Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education;2003-05
8 ZHANG Xiu-hua (Dept. of P.E., Wenzhou Teachers' College,Wenzhou 225003, Zhejiang China);Research on Micro-training of Basketball Officiating Techniques for P.E Students[J];Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education;2003-05
9 XU Jun hai 1, WANG Tao 2, REN Jie 1, ZHU Jing 3, SUN Sheng 4 (1. Dept of P.E., Central University of Finance & Economics, Beijing 100081,China;2. Dept of P.E., Weifang Institute, Weifang261043, Shandong China;3. Dept of P.E., Petroleum University, Beijing 102248 China;4)Qingdao No. 1 High School, Qingdao 266000, Shandong China);On the Present Situation of Basketball Referees above National Level in China[J];Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education;2004-03
10 YAN Xu-feng,YU Min (Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084,China);Trend of International Anti-Doping Legislation and Anti-Doping Legislation in China[J];Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education;2004-04
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 MA Yue liang;Referee Professionalization:The Unvoidable Trend for the Development of Football Referee[J];Journal of Hubei Sports Scicnce;2002-02
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