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《Journal of Beijing Sport University》 2015-04
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Mental Toughness in Sports: Construct,Measurement and Outlook

GU Song;WANG Chang-sheng;GU Chang-jiang;ZHANG Fan;Wang Jun;School of Physical Education and Sports,Central China Normal University;School of Sports Science,Taizhou University;Honghe University;  
Currently,mental toughness is the most common sports noun used to describe the athletes who have excellent psychological quality. How to assess the connotation of mental toughness in sports theory and practical application scientifically has became an important task in the current sports psychology research field. In this paper,authors reviewed previous studies systematically by the time vertical angle,horizontal field angle and macro-regional perspective,and found: 1) the concept evolution course of mental toughness; 2) three development stages of elements of mental toughness; 3) the status quo of measurement tools development of mental toughness. And also it discussed how to develop and train mental toughness,relevant theory of operating mechanism and the effects of mental toughness in mood and health fields. Based on the above,authors tentatively predicted the future research of mental toughness. It included the field confirmation of mental toughness,modern methods used in the study of mental toughness and training system construction of mental toughness in ecological view.
【Fund】: 全国教育科学“十一五”规划课题、教育部重点课题(项目编号:DLA090303)
【CateGory Index】: G804.8
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