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《Journal of Beijing Agricultural College》 2004-01
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The Effects of Active Oxygen Metabolism on Photosynthesis of Young Apple Trees under Water Stress

LIU Yan~1, WANG You-nian~2, WANG Li-xue~1 (~1 Inner Mongolia Agricultural University,Huhhot 010019; ~2Beijing Agricultural College, Beijing 100206)  
2-years-old seedlings of Malus.micromalus Makino. were used for studying the effects of active oxygen metabolism under the soil stress on photosynthetic rate. With the duration of water stress, the H_2O_2 content and production increased; the SOD and ASP active increased. The protective enzyme SOD and ASP can inhibit the accumulation of active oxygen and lessen membrane damage; the chloroplast still maintain the higher photo activity, Hill reaction and FBPase activity didn't obviously changed, the decline of the photosynthetic rate was due to the CO_2 concentration decreased in the cell under mild and moderate water stress. Along with the duration of water stress, the active of SOD and ASP were decreased, the excessive accumulation of and H_2O_2 was due to the reduce of the protective enzyme SOD and ASP. The excessive accumulation induced membrane damage, photo activity decreased in chloroplast, Hill reaction and FBPase activity obviously decreased. The results indicated: the decline of photosynthetic rate was due to disorder of active oxygen metabolism under severe water stress.
【Fund】: 北京市自然科学基金项目
【CateGory Index】: S661.1
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