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《Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science)》 2009-04
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ESTIMATION OF CARBON EMISSIONS EMBODIED IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE FOR CHINA:AN INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS

WEI Benyong1) FANG Xiuqi1) WANG Yuan2) YANG Huimin2) Zhang Di1)( 1)School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,100875,Beijing,China; 2) School of Environment Science and Technology,Tianjin University,300072,Tianjin,China)  
Carbon emission embodied in import and export trade was evaluated using input-output table and sectoral energy consumption. Results showed that China was a net export country for embodied carbon emission in 2002. Net exported carbon emission reached 22.60-168.14 Mt,accounting for 2.03%-15.09% of domestic emission. Exported domestic carbon emission for foreign final demands was 261.19 Mt,accounting for 23.45% of domestic emission,and 79.03%-90.62% of total exported emission. Imported carbon emission for domestic use was 93.05-238.59 Mt,accounting for 77.49% of total imported emission,and 8.35%-21.42% of domestic emission,respectively. Emission of 187.81 Mt had been indirectly reduced from global emission,due to importing goods or services from abroad. About 67% of total exported carbon emission,50% of total imported emission were from 11 sectors and 5 sectors,respectively. For net balance of imported and exported emission,Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical Products,Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals,Communication Equipment,Computer and Other Electronic Equipment were most sensitive to production technology change.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2007BAC03A11)
【CateGory Index】: X321
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