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《China Cattle Science》 2009-04
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Report on the Genetic Resource Investigation of Zhaotong Yellow Cattle

QIN Xing-he1,HUANG Wei1,SA Yi-dong2,LIU Wen-bin3,FENG Qi-you4,ZHOU Dian-shuang5,ZHANG Guang-neng6,ZENG Xiao-yuan7(1.Zhaotong Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station,Zhaotong,Yunnan 657000,China;2.Animal Husbandry Bureau of Ludian County,Ludian,Yunnan 657100,China;3.Animal Husbandry Station of Qiaojia County,Qiaojia,Yunnan 654600,China;4.Animal Husbandry Bureau of Daguan County,Daguan,Yunnan 657400,China;5.Animal Husbandry Station of Zhenxiong County,Zhenxiong,Yunnan 657800,China;6.Animal Husbandry Station of Zhaoyang District,Zhaotong,Yunnan 657000,China;7.Animal Husbandry Station of Yiliang County,Yiliang,Yunnan 657600,China)  
To understand the present situation of yellow cattle resources in Zhaotong county of Yunnan province and strength preservation and exploration of these breeds,yellow cattle resources in Zhaotong were surveyed through general investigation,visiting investigation,observation,sampling investigation and record browsing,etc.General situation of production areas,origination and development direction,appearance characters,body sizes and body weight,production performance,feeding regiments and reproduction,etc.were compressively assessed.Finally,it was found Zhaotong yellow cattle occupies all kinds of good property,i.e strong constitution,good beef quality,drought bear,coarse forage bear and disease resistance,docile temper,strong adaptability,good beef performance and high quality skin,etc.Since foreign beef breeds were introduced to Zhaotong to crossbreed with local yellow cattle in 1980s,most pure Zhaotong yellow cattle bulls were castrated,pure breed of Zhaotong yellow cattle gradually decreased and replaced with crossbred cattle.Considering the special origination and the importance to preserve the genetic diversity,it is an urgent task to strengthen selection,breeding and preserve Zhaotong yellow cattle breeds.
【CateGory Index】: S823.2
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