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《JOURNAL OF BEIJING MEDICAL UNIVERSITY》 1998-03
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A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY OF CRANIOFACIAL SKELETAL STRUCTURES IN PATIENTS WITH OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES

LIU Yuehua#, ZENG Xianglong, FU Minkui, HUANG Xizhen(#Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Beijing Medical University, Beijing 100081)  
Objective:A systematic cephalometric evaluation on a group of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS) was carried out, to provide morphological evidences for reasonable treatment of OSAS. Methods:The craniofacial skeletal morphology of 44 adult patients with OSAS was measured by cephalometry and compared with that of a control group consisting of 100 healthy persons with normal occlusion. Results:The significant aberrations in the OSAS group were(1)shorter dimension of anterior cranial base with slight counterclockwise rotation;(2)maxillary retrognathia with normal length;(3)shorter mandibular length with mandibular and chin retrognathia;(4)70.5 percent of the OSAS group with mandibular retrognathia;(5)increased ratio of anterior to posterior facial height and higher mandibular plane angle;(6)decreased protrusion and inclination of upper incisors,increased protrusion and inclination of lower incisors, and increased overjet and overbite. Conclusion: Craniofacial morphology of OSAS patients shows a tendency to that of Angle class Ⅱ high Angle cases.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: R816.1
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