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《Journal of Jiling University (Earth Science Edition)》 2004-02
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Analysis on the influence factors of the nitrogen pollution in shallow groundwater

A case in the north high plain of Songhua River in Songnen BasinDONG Wei-hong~(1,2), LIN Xue-yu~(1,2) (1.College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun130026, China;2.Institute of Water Resources and Environment, Jilin University,Changchun130026,China)  
The nitrogen concentration in the shallow groundwater in the north high plain of Songhua River in Songnen Basin has an intimate relationship with precipitation and fertilization according to the temporal distribution. In the same year, the nitrogen concentration in the shallow groundwater in September (the end of bumper rain term) is higher than that in May (the end of withered rain term), and the nitrogen concentration changes with the variation of precipitation during many years. As for the spatial distribution, the nitrogen concentration depends mainly on the groundwater level depth, hydraulic gradient, lithology and thickness of the aquifer. In order to check whether the conclusions of the qualitative analysis discussed above are correct or not, factor analysis method was applied to evaluate quantitatively the temporal and spatial variables mentioned above. It was found that nitrogen pollution in sha-(llow) ground water is due to the comprehensive influences of the fertilizer, water level depth, precipitation, hydraulic gradient and lithology and thickness of the aquifer. Especially the precipitation and water level depth have more responsibilities for the nitrogen pollution in shallow groundwater.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(49572158)
【CateGory Index】: X52
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