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《Journal of Jiling University (Earth Science Edition)》 2004-03
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The environment degradation and its driving mechanism of Xianghai wetland in the west of Jilin Province

BIAN Jian-min~(1,2),LIN Nian-feng~(2),TANG Jie~(2) (1.Geochemistry Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang550002,China;2.College of Environment and Resources,Jilin University,Changchun130026,China)  
Xianghai wetland is located in the west of Jilin Province with a semi-arid climate. The special geographical location and hydrographical condition makes the wetland water environment stand in the dynamic changing. Under the natural and artificial influences, the structure and function of the wetland appear obviously degraded, such as, the area shrink, the system function become weak which results in the rapid desertification. This paper have discussed the present state and driving mechanism of the environment degradation of this wetland based on the environmental background. The fragible interface between water and soil is the natural background, but the climate aridity, upstream water interception ,hydraulic engineering and irrational land-use activities are the inducing factors to promote the wetland degradation. Finally comprehensively considering the present state of degradation and its driving mechanisms, a comprehensive water resources management plan and an ecological technology and engineering were put forwards to recover the degraded wetland.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目资助(40072093 40273047)
【CateGory Index】: X171
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