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《Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition)》 2006-05
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~(14)C Age Correction of Deep Groundwater in Yinchuan Plain

SU Xiao-si, LIN Xue-yu, DONG Wei-hong,Yu Fa-kang Institute of Water Resources and Environment, Jilin University,Changchun 130026,China  
The accuracy of ~ 14 C age correction mainly depends on the identification of the factors affecting the variation of ~ 14 C activity in the process of formation of dissolved inorganic carbon and its evolution. Yinchuan plain has been taken the as case study and mass equilibrium reaction model and isotope mass transfer model have been employed to simulate the inverse geochemical reaction path of deep groudwater in Yinchuan plain and then to correct ~ 14 C age. The simulation result shows that the main reactions controlling the geochemical evolution of confined water from the initial point to the final point in the groundwater flow path are the dissolution of plagioclase,horn blende,gypsum, Ca-Na exchange and the precipitation of carbonate minerals. The above reactions have little effect on the transfer time in the groundwater flow path. ~ 14 C correction result shows that deep groundwater in Yinchuan plain is paleo-groundwater with ~ 14 C age more than 2 000 a except in the recharge area and the circulation rate is very slow and has low renewing capacity. Outside the depression cone of deep groundwater, the age of deep groundwater is becoming older along the groundwater flow path.However, in the depression cone,the age of deep groundwater is younger than the incoming water,which signifies that there is a close hydraulic relationship between deep groundwater and shallow groundwater.
【Fund】: 国家“973”项目(G1999043606);; 高等学校博士学科点科研基金项目(20030027020);; 吉林大学“985”计划;; 教育部城市环境与可持续发展联合研究中心吉林大学分中心资助;; 水资源与水环境问题重点实验室(原地质矿产部水资源评价与管理系列模型开放研究实验室)资助
【CateGory Index】: P641.3
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