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《Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition)》 2008-04
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Characteristics of Fluid Inclusions and Genetic Model of Wufeng-Wuxingshan Gold (Silver) Deposit,Yanbian

CHEN Lei,SUN Jing-gui,ZHAO Jun-kang,MEN Lan-jing,LIANG Shu-neng,CHEN Dong,PANG WeiCollege of Earth Sciences,Jilin University,Changchun 130026,China  
The Wufeng-Wuxingshan gold(silver) deposit in Yanbian area,Jilin Province is a large epithermal gold deposit of low-sulphidation type.The deposit is composed mainly of quartz-calcite veins,quartz veins and veinlet-dissemination sulfide breccias in altered rocks.The mineralization can be divided into four metallogenic stages: pyrite-bearing bulk quartz,chalcedony quartz vein,calcite-quartz vein and calcite-quartz,with the second and third stages being the main ones.The study of the fluid inclusions from the deposit reveals that:(1) most of them are two-phase isolated primary inclusions and chained secondary inclusions along fractures in minerals;(2)homogeneous temperature is mostly 180-280 ℃;(3)the salinity is 4.8 to 7.02 NaCl% and the density is 0.75-0.92 g/cm3;(4)the depth of the mineralization is at 0.15-0.32 km;(5)Laser Raman Spectroscopy analysis of the fluid inclusions reveals their predominant H2O constitute.These features of the fluid inclusions,combined with hydrogen and oxygen isotope studies(δD is-66‰——98‰,averaged at-87‰;δ18O is 3.18‰——7.2‰ and averaged at-5.1‰),suggest that the ore-forming fluids of the deposit came from the circulating atmospheric waters heated by the deep thermal flow.Under tensile tectonic regime,these hydrothermal fluids migrated through fault zones.Quartz-calcite veins and quartz veins were formed at the upper portion of the Wufeng deposit by filling while the veinlet-dissemination sulfides and breccias were formed at the lower portion of the deposit by fluid boiling.This opinion is different from the previous one that suggested the deposit was formed solely by fluid boiling.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40472050 40772052);; 南京大学内生金属矿床成矿机制研究国家重点实验室实验基金(20062008)
【CateGory Index】: P618.51
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