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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 1994-02
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Change of Esterase Isozyme and Endogenous Hormone in Root System and Ontogenesis of Creeping-Rooted Character in Alfalfa

Gao Zhensheng; Wang Pei;Hong Fuzeng and Xie Xueju(Institute of Grassland Science, Beijing Agricultural University Beijing 100094, China)  
The esterase isozyme in the root tissues and the contents of endogenous hormones such as Z, ZR, IAA, GA, and ABA, in the different parts of root system for the creeping-roofed and noncreepingrooted alfalfa plants were measured at various growing stages (May 16th, June 25th, August 9th and Sept. 21th). The dynamics of esterase isozyme and endogenous hormones in the creeping-rooted and noncreeping rooted alfalfa plants and the relationship between the formation and growth of adventitious bud and the hormone contents were compared and analysed.It is showed that the esterase isozyme bands in the root system of creeping-rooted and noncreepingrooted alfalfa are obviously different, the band numbers of esterase isozyme in the creeping-rooted alfalfa plant is significantly higher than those in the noncreeping-rooted alfalfa plant. It means that the esterase isozyme in the alfalfa root system is consistent with the gene expression of its creeping-rooted character.The analysis results also showed that the peak contents of Z+ZR, GA3 and IAA in the crown and root tissues of creeping-rooted and noncreeping-rooted alfalfa plants are at the vigorous growing stage (June 25th and August 9th). The ABA content increases along with the continuous growth and development. The seasonal change of Z+ZR, IAA and GA, in the creeping-rooted plant is different from that in the noncreeping-rooted plant, while those in the noncreeping-rooted plants of two different genotypes are similar. The ratio of IAA/ (Z+ZR), or (IAA + GA3 )/(Z + ZR) in the root system of creeping-rooted plant are lower than that of noncreeping-rooted plant. It is concluded that the initiation and growth of stem primordia is associated with the contents of Z+ZR, IAA and GA3. The distribution of endogenous hormones in the different root tissues of creeping-rooted alfalfa is uneven. The formation of expansion in horizontal root of creeping-rooted alfalfa is related with the significant increase of ondogenous GA3.
【Fund】: 高等学校博士点基金
【CateGory Index】: S54
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