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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 1994-02
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Mechanism of the Effect of Salt on Germination of Puccinellia Tenuifolra

Yan Shunguo; Shen Yuyin; Ren Jizhou; Baker D. A. (Gansu Grassland Ecological Research Institute, Lanzhou, 730020; Wye college, University of London, Wye Ashford, Kent TN25 SAH)  
Na2SO4, NaCl and Polyethylene glyecl (PEG 6, 000 mol. wt. ) were used in a series of labbased experiments to comparatively investigate their effect on germination of Puccinellia tenuiflora and its mechanism. The results showed that total germination percentage linearly declined with decreasing osmotic potential (OP) in solutions of NaCl, Na2SO4 and PEG. On isopotential basis, the percent of germination in tested solutions was Na,SO4NaClPEG. NaCl and Na2SO4 influence germination chiefly due to changing water uptake and producing toxicity to membrane, and would thus disturb membrane rnetabolism. Their mechanism, based on the results of correlation and path analysis, is summarised as follows: (1)direct positive effect of water absorption of seeds dependent on OP level and Na concentrations caused by NaCl and Na2SO4 solutions on germination (with path coefficient of 0. 73 ); (2)direct negative effects of toxicity to membrane of seeds produced by Na concentrations of solutions (-0. 51 ); and (3)indirect positive and negative effect (0. 30 and -0. 24) of the entry of Na into seeds on germination through causing increase of water uptake and aggreviation of toxcity to membrane of seeds, respectively.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!39300022;;青年基金;;甘肃省自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S54
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