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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2003-01
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Analysis of Structure Types of Botanical Composition of Stipa baicalensis Meadow Steppe in the Songnen Plains of China

LI Jian-dong, YANG Yun-fei (Institute of Grassland Science, Northeast Normal University, and Key laboratory for Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Changchun 130024, China) [HJ5/9]  
The Stipa baicalensis meadow steppe of the Songnen Plains of China thrives with some of the plants of Mongolian flora, Northeastern China flora, Dahuricia flora, and China North flora. In the 27 sample sites set up in the area, there exist 153 species of plants belonging to 34 families, 6 plant growth forms, 5 root growth forms, 6 life forms, 4 water-requiring ecotypes, 15 areal types, and 6 forage value types. Among them, the species of Compositae makes up 20.9% of the total, while Leguminosae and Gramineae each constitutes 11.8%. The species of limb type occupies 32% of the total plant growth form, and the tuff type and the endlong type each forms 24% and 18% respectively. About the root growth form, the dominant species is the brush root type which consists of 55%, the taproot type 18%, and the rhizome type 16% of the total. The life forms of most of the plants belong to the hemicryptophyte which forms 40%, the geophyte 29%, and the hemicryptophyte-geophyte 15%. The species of mesophyte dominates the ecological type of water, making up 51%, and the mesoxerophyte 34% of the total. The species of Mongolian-Northeastern China-Dahuricia-China North areal type forms 29%, and the Mongolian-Dahuricia areal type 13% of the total. Among the forage value type, the species of middling and low quality take as much as 52% of the total, while the high and fine quality species make up only 22%. In conclusion, the stipa baicalensis meadow steppe of the Songnen Plains represents a temperate herbage community, with a typical temperate hemicryptophyte climate, a mesophitic habitat condition, and complex diversities of forage plants with different grades of feeding value.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (G19990 43 40 7) ;; 国家自然科学基金项目 (3 0 2 70 2 60 3 0 0 70 13 7)
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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