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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2003-04
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Structure Types of Plant Species of Ulmus Woodland in China's Songhua-Nenjiang Plains

LI Jian-dong, YANG Yun-fei (Institute of Grassland Science, Northeast Normal University, anVegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Changchun in Jilin province 130024 China)  
The vegetation of Songhua-Nenjiang Plains is composed of four contiguous Mongolian,Northeastern,Dahuricia and North China floras.The 10 Ulmus woodland sample sites and 40 sample squares boast 89 plant species of 26 families:of which 6 are of the plant growth form,4 of root growth form,6 of life form,4 of water ecological type,13 of areal plant type, and 6 of forage value type.Among the 89 species,Compositae species tops all the others,amounting to 22.5%,Gramineae and Leguminosae occupy 15.7% and 12.4% respectively.Of the plant growth form,the branched type tops all the others,reaching 39%,while the arect type and the tfted type account for 21% and 16% respectively.As for the root growth form,the taproot type reaches the majority to 66%,and the rhizome and the brush root type reaches the majority to 66%,and the rhizome and the brush root types make up 17% and 16% respectively.Among the life form plants,the hemicryptophyte amounts to 43% of the total,the geophyte and the therophyte each makes up 15%,and the hemicrypto-geophyte takes up 12%.The mesophyte species makes up 63%,and the mesoxerophyte species 19%,of the total water ecological plants.The areal types consist of 30% Mongolian-Northeastern-Dahuricia-North China type,and 16% Mongolian areal type.Within the forage value type,medium and low quality forage species make up 46%,while high and fine quality forage species only accounts for 31%.The climate of the Ulmus woodland of the Songhua-Nenjiang Plains is typically that of temperate hemicryptophyte with mesophitic habitat conditions.The areal plant structure in the plains is complicated and its plant species' forage value is outstanding.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1999043407);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30270260;; 30070137)
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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