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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2005-03
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Effect and Benefit of Forage Cultivation and Livestock Raising to the Protection of Ecosystem in the Farming-Pastoral Region of Chaidamu Basin

WANG Qi-ji~1, NIU Dong-ling~2, JIANG Wei-ping~3, MA Yu-shou~3, LI Qing-yun~3(1.Institute of Biology of Northwest PIateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, Qinghai Province 810001, China;2.Ningxia University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Autonomous Region 750021, China;3.Institute of Grassland Science, Qinghai Academy of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Xining, Qinghai Province 810003, China)  
New techniques, such as cuitivating grassland and construction of hothouses, structural adjustment of farming and grazing, forage processing and applying of new breeding techniques have obviously improved the ecological, economic and social benefit of the experiment area. A study conducted in 1997-2000 in Delingha, Qinghai Province, showed that the percentages of quality forages and total vegetation coverage increased obviously. Cultivated grasses on abandoned field to raise livestock had not only enhanced the primary productivity, lessened the pressure for carrying capacity on the native desert grassland, but had also lowered the soil salt content. Hothouse penning had improved the living conditions of the livestock, strengthened their disease resistancy, and protected them through the severe winter. All this had enhanced significantly the economic benefit of the family ranches of the Chaidamu Basin. The family annual net income amounted to 19767 yuan, input-output ratio was 2.25 in general.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”科技攻关项目(97-924-03);; 中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重点项目(210126)资助
【CateGory Index】: F326.3;
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