Surface Water Contamination Potential of Seven Golf Courses in Beijing
CHANG Zhi-hui (Institute of Turfgrass, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
Interests in water quality impacts by golf courses has grown significantly since the late 1990s mostly due to the use of pesticides or fertilizers. Results from this Investigation on seven golf courses surface water quality in Beijing indicate that ammonium and total phosphorus in the surface water of golf course seasonally exceeded the V class water limits set by Environment Quality Standards for Surface Water Quality (GB3838-2002) and had the potential impacts on the surface water quality in surrounding areas. While nitrate and nitrite concentrations in the surface water were below the limits of the above standards. Residues of Carbendazim, Chlorothalonil, Qudintozene, and Furadan were not detected in the surface water in five golf courses when using for pest and insect control.
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