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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2008-01
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Artificial Cultivation of Biological Soil Crust and its Effects on Soil and Water Conservation in Water-Wind Erosion Crisscross Region of Loess Plateau,China

XIAO Bo1,3,ZHAO Yun-ge1,2,SHAO Ming-an1(1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling,Shaanxi Province 712100,China;2.Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Yangling,Shaanxi Province 712100,China;3.Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China)  
Biological soil crust(BSC) is one of the most important vegetation components in arid and semi-arid areas and has very important ecological functions which attract more and more attentions to its effects on soil and water conservation.In summary,there are three different opinions about the effect of BSC's on infiltration: increase,decrease,and no function.In order to explore artificial cultivation method of BSC and evaluate its effects on soil and water conservation,BSC was artificially cultivated in laboratory and field in water-wind erosion crisscross region of loess plateau,China and the runoff and sediment were measured during the simulated rainfall in laboratory and after natural rainfall in field.The results show: 1.It was feasible to inoculate and cultivate artificial BSC using the method of crushing and broadcast sowing natural BSC collected from research area;2.The artificial BSC's coverage reached to 30%~60% after a rainy season and the main components was same to natural BSC;3.The artificial BSC had obvious function of soil and water conservation.The artificial BSC in the laboratory decreased 49%~64% of runoff and eliminate soil erosion and in field had no significant effects on runoff and decreased 26% of sediment in the plot without vegetation,decreased 11% of runoff and 39% of sediment in the plot with Caragana korshinskii Kom.,respectively.Those results confirm that it could be effective to cultivate artificial BSC and use it to control the loss of soil and water in research area.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划项目(2005-2007);; 国家自然科学基金青年基金(40401026);; 中国科学院“百人计划”项目资助
【CateGory Index】: S157
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