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《Acta Agrestia Sinica》 2008-03
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Effects of Enclosure on the Community Characteristics of Stipa bungeana Grassland in Yunwu Mountain

JIA Xiao-ni,CHENG Ji-min,WAN Hui-e (Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry,Yangling,Shaanxi Province 712100,China)  
The Stipa bungeana Trin.,a good forage grass,is an important grassland community type distributed broadly in large areas in Yunwu Mountain Nature Reserve.The characteristics and aboveground biomass of S.bungeana community were analyzed based on the plot data for the enclosure vs.non-enclosure areas.The results were as following: Longtime enclosure resulted in the changes of plant community with increase in species and significant succession.The community component in the non-enclosure area was S.bungeana+S.gigantea while S.gigantea+S.bungeana in the enclosure area.The dominance status of S.bungeana was enhanced in the non-enclosure area with significantly higher community important value in comparison with the enclosure area.Similarity index between the enclosed and non-enclosed S.bungeana communities reached to 0.419.The richness index and the three species diversity indices(Simpson index,Shannon-winner index,Audair and Groff index) of S.bungeana community in enclosure area were higher than those in non-enclosure area,while the evenness was reversed.The total aboveground biomass and the biomass percentages of Gramineae,Rosaceae,and fobs in enclosure area were higher than those in non-enclosure area but opposite in the biomass percentage of compositae.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划973项目(2007CB106803);; 国家科技支撑课题(2006BAD09B08);; 国家自然科学基金重点项目(30230290);; 国家林业局荒漠化监测专项项目
【CateGory Index】: S812
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